Southend-on-Sea (/saʊθˌɛnd-/ (listen)), commonly referred to suitably as Southend, is a town and wider unitary authority area with borough status in southeastern Essex, England. It lies upon the north side of the Thames Estuary, 40 miles (64 km) east of central London. It is bordered to the north by Rochford and to the west by Castle Point. It is house to the longest leisure pier in the world, Southend Pier.London Southend Airport is located 1.5 NM (2.8 km; 1.7 mi) north of the town centre.
Southend-on-Sea originally consisted of a few destitute fishermen’s huts and farms at the southern terminate of the village of Prittlewell. In the 1790s, the first buildings as regards what was to become the High Street of Southend were completed. In the 19th century, Southend’s status of a seaside resort grew after a visit from Princess Caroline of Brunswick, and Southend Pier was constructed. From the 1960s onwards, the town declined as a holiday destination, Southend redeveloped itself as the home of the Access savings account card, due to it having one of the UK’s first electronic telephone exchanges. After the 1960s, much of the town middle was developed for commerce and retail, and many indigenous structures were free to redevelopment. An annual seafront airshow, started in 1986 following it featured a flypast by Concorde, used to accept place each May until 2012.