Deptford /ˈdɛtfəd/ is an area of south-east London, England. It is upon the south bank of the River Thames, and within the London Borough of Lewisham. It is named after a ford of the River Ravensbourne. From the mid 16th century to the late 19th it was home to Deptford Dockyard, the first of the Royal Dockyards. This was a major shipbuilding marina and attracted Peter the Great in front and examination shipbuilding. Deptford and the docks are allied with the knighting of Sir Francis Drake by Queen Elizabeth I aboard the Golden Hind, the legend of Sir Walter Raleigh laying the length of his cape for Elizabeth, Captain James Cook’s third voyage aboard Resolution, and the mysterious murder of Christopher Marlowe in a house along Deptford Strand.
Though Deptford began as two little communities, one at the ford, and the new a fishing village upon the Thames, Deptford’s archives and population has been mainly allied with the docks usual by Henry VIII. The two communities grew together and flourished; the docks were the main administrative centre of the Royal Navy, and some grand houses considering Sayes Court, home to diarist John Evelyn, and Stone House upon Lewisham Way, were erected. The Place declined as first the Royal Navy moved out, and after that the poster docks themselves declined until the last dock, Convoys Wharf, closed in 2000.
A Metropolitan Borough of Deptford existed from 1900 until 1965, when the area became portion of the newly-created London Borough of Lewisham.