Croydon is a large town, historically in Surrey, England, However it is now very in Greater London. It is 9.4 miles (15.1 km) south of Charing Cross. The principal deal in the London Borough of Croydon, it is one of the largest classified ad districts uncovered Central London, with an extensive shopping district and night-time economy. The entire town had a population of 192,064 as of 2011, whilst the wider borough had a population of 384,837.
Historically ration of the hundred of Wallington in the county of Surrey, at the mature of the Norman conquest of England Croydon had a church, a mill, and just about 365 inhabitants, as recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086. Croydon expanded in the Middle Ages as a make known town and a middle for charcoal production, leather tanning and brewing. The Surrey Iron Railway from Croydon to Wandsworth opened in 1803 and was the world’s first public railway. Later nineteenth century railway building facilitated Croydon’s deposit as a commuter town for London. By the to come 20th century, Croydon was an important industrial area, known for car manufacture, metal working and Croydon Airport. In the mid 20th century these sectors were replaced by retailing and the encouragement economy, brought about by omnipotent redevelopment which motto the rise of office blocks and the Whitgift Centre, the largest shopping middle in Greater London until 2008. Croydon was similar into Greater London in 1965.
Croydon lies on a transport corridor in the middle of central London and the south coast of England, to the north of two high gaps in the North Downs, one taken by the A23 Brighton Road and the main railway parentage through Purley and Merstham and the other by the A22 from Purley to the M25 Godstone interchange. Road traffic is diverted away from a largely pedestrianised town centre, mostly consisting of North End. East Croydon is a major hub of the national railway transport system, with frequent fast services to central London, Brighton and the south coast. The town is moreover at the middle of the lonesome tramway system in southern England.